Saving Lebanon’s Buildings but what about the Modern?

I have been very happy of late to see that Lebanese civil society is mobilising to save Lebanon’s built environment. While it is a little late (according to the Lebanese Culture Minister of the 1,200 old mansions and buildings inventoried in 1995 a mere 400 survive) there is an increasing awareness of the importance of architecture to Lebanese identity. Even the government has decided to step in on the act creating a hotline for people to call in and report historic buildings due for demolition. There has at last been an active response to the realisation that Beirut (in particular) has basically sold its historical urban fabric to  greedy urbacidal developers who subsequently destroy anything on their new plot of land and erect a 20/30/50 (depending on what they can get away with) tower. Hopefully the debate over Beirut’s – and Lebanon’s – built environment will increase before it is all squandered.

One added aspect that always frustrates me among civil society activists on this issue is that those buildings considered worth saving are always restricted to those of the Ottoman era. I have written extensively on Beirut’s rich built environment and the city has made an extensive, indigenous and important contribution to the Modern Movement. This is also rapidly being destroyed and I hope civil society activists will also expand their calls to preserve these buildings as well.

Here is an article I wrote for the Guardian a while back on the battle for Beirut’s buildings:

The built environment of Beirut is rapidly changing, and this transformation is destroying much of the city’s rich architectural fabric. Surrounded by the new towering Beirut is the unique and heavily scarred structure of the Egg.

Built by the Lebanese architect Joseph-Philippe Karam in 1965, and dubbed “the Egg” due to its curved form, it is the only surviving building in the downtown area from Lebanon’s vibrant avant-garde movement. Much of the rest of this heritage was destroyed during the civil war (1975-1990), a legacy marked on the outer skin of the Egg.

The Egg, after surviving the war, may not survive the recovery. Beirut’s booming real estate market is resulting in the removal of Beirut’s unique built heritage to make way for the ubiquitous skyscraper. The threat of the Egg being destroyed sparked a wave of emotion among many Lebanese increasingly distressed at the continued demolition of their architectural heritage. There has been substantial online activism andmedia attention to stop Abu Dhabi Investment House, the owners of the site, destroying the Egg. The activists are also vexed by the fact that it is a company from the Gulf that will decide whether the structure will be removed or not. Comments such as “Our identity and culture as Lebanese is not for sale for Gulf millionaires,” capture the frustration.

The Egg is at the centre of a battle over the future of Beirut and the type of city it should become. Beirut has a wonderful and prolific architectural heritage, as does Lebanon as a whole. Although the city has been plagued by successive urban planning failures, a quality urban fabric of Ottoman and French colonial-style buildings did establish itself. As an independent Lebanon entered the 1950s a layer of significant modernist buildings was added. This continued into the 1960s and Beirut, by the end of that decade, had a internationally significant and unique body of modernist architecture. This rich heritage, built mainly by Lebanese master builders and architects, is being squandered.


  1. Oussama said:

    Very good point! I will certainly be following this blog;)

  2. Lina said:

    For me its not a surprise for what’s happening right now no work no money so how u live !!!
    so u sell … your culture

    • deensharp said:

      Unfortunately the people on the bread line often do not live in houses of historical architectural value. This is especially so in Beirut where most of the houses of worth were and are occupied by the elite or they belong to the state. So in the case of Lebanon’s buildings it is the rich getting richer but culturally poorer. The elite are turning Lebanon into a civilisational and cultural black hole.

  3. Robert Easton said:

    Can you hlep me locate other buildings designed by Joseph Phillippe Karam?
    I have some names and general locations, but no good way of finding them. I am especailly interested to see and document the building in Badaro where he lived.

  4. Robert Easton said:

    I forgot to mention that I have dozens of photographs of the egg.

  5. Richard Pelgrim said:

    Hello deensharp,

    I’ve been reading some of your articles on Modern architecture in Lebanon that are posted around the web.
    Starting this thursday I will be exhibiting a number of architectural photographs to highlight the abundance and quality of Modern architecture in Hamra. The exhibition will last all through March at Café De Prague in Hamra. There will be a reception this Thursday at 6pm. Would be great to meet you and discuss more on this topic.

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